What is Additional Paid in Capital

What is Additional Paid in Capital

In today’s business world, there are several different ways that companies can raise capital to fund their operations and growth. One common method is to issue stocks or shares of the company’s ownership to investors in exchange for cash. When a company issues stock, the initial price is often set at a value above the par value or face value of the stock. The difference between the initial price and the par value is called Additional Paid-in Capital (APIC). This article will provide a detailed explanation of APIC, including its formula, importance, and real-world examples.

What is Additional Paid-in Capital (APIC)?

The price paid for a company’s shares exceeds its par value by Additional Paid-in Capital (APIC). The minimum amount that a shareholder can pay for the company’s shares is the par value of a claim. Shareholders pay the APIC above the par value of the company’s shares. Some people also call APIC contributed capital or paid-in capital more than par.

APIC Formula:

We calculate the formula for APIC by subtracting the par value of the shares from the total amount paid for the shares. For example, if a company issues 1,000 shares of stock at $10 per share, with a par value of $1 per share, we calculate the APIC as follows:

APIC = Total amount paid for shares – The par value of shares

APIC = ($10 per share x 1,000 shares) – ($1 per share x 1,000 shares)

As APIC = $10,000 – $1,000

APIC = $9,000

The APIC in this example would be $9,000.

Importance of Additional Paid-in Capital (APIC):

APIC is an important component of a company’s balance sheet. It represents the amount of money that shareholders have contributed to the company’s capital above the par value of its shares. The company can use this excess capital for various purposes, such as funding research and development, paying off debt, or investing in new equipment or facilities.

APIC is also essential for investors because it can provide insight into a company’s financial health. Companies with a high APIC may be more financially stable and have more resources to invest in future growth opportunities.

Additional Paid-in Capital in Real World

Let’s learn about APIC with an example. ABC Inc. is a new company. It wants to sell 10,000 shares of stock for $20 each. Each share has a value of $1. The total value of the shares is $10,000 (10,000 shares x $1 per share). ABC Inc. gets $200,000 from selling the shares at $20 each. The company’s APIC is $190,000 ($200,000 – $10,000).

ABC Inc. can use this extra money for many things. It can run its business, hire more people, make new products, or pay off debt. As the company makes more money, it can also use the extra money to give some back to its shareholders or buy back its shares.

Additional Paid-in Capital in Financial Statements:

Along with other components of shareholder equity, such as common stock, retained earnings, and accumulated other comprehensive income, APIC appears on a company’s balance sheet. A company’s financial position at a specific point in time is shown on the balance sheet. A company’s statement of changes in shareholder equity also shows APIC. It shows how much capital the company has raised by issuing shares, how much it has paid out as dividends, and how much it has retained.

A company’s statement of cash flows also includes APIC. APIC is part of the financing section of the statement, along with other sources of financing, such as long-term debt or bonds.


APIC is a crucial component of a company’s financial statements, representing excess capital raised by issuing shares above their par value. It provides investors with valuable insights into a company’s financial health. It is used to fund growth opportunities, pay off debt, or invest in research and development. As such, APIC plays an important role in a company’s capital structure and can impact its potential for future growth and success.

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